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Jimmy Carter Turns 99 at Home          10/01 08:57


   ATLANTA (AP) -- Jimmy Carter has always been a man of discipline and habit. 
But the former president will break routine Sunday, putting off his practice of 
quietly watching church services online to instead celebrate his 99th birthday 
with his wife, Rosalynn, and their children, grandchildren and 
great-grandchildren in Plains.

   The gathering will take place in the same one-story structure where the 
Carters lived before he was first elected to the Georgia Senate in 1962. It 
comes amid tributes from around the world. But for Carter's family, it's an 
opportunity to honor a personal legacy.

   "The remarkable piece to me and I think to my family is that while my 
grandparents have accomplished so much, they have really remained the same sort 
of South Georgia couple that lives in a 600-person village where they were 
born," said grandson Jason Carter, who chairs the board at The Carter Center, 
which his grandparents founded in 1982 after leaving the White House a year 

   Despite being global figures, the younger Carter said his grandparents have 
always "made it easy for us, as a family, to be as normal as we can be."

   Celebrating the longest-lived U.S. president this way was inconceivable not 
long ago. The Carters announced in February that their patriarch was forgoing 
further medical treatments and entering home hospice care after a series of 
hospitalizations. Yet Carter, who overcame cancer diagnosed at age 90 and 
learned to walk after having his hip replaced at age 94, defied all odds again.

   "If Jimmy Carter were a tree, he'd be an towering, old Southern oak," said 
Donna Brazile, a former Democratic national chairperson and presidential 
campaign manager who got her start on Carter's campaigns. "He's as good as they 
come and tough as they come."

   Jill Stuckey, a longtime Plains resident who visits the former first couple 
regularly, cautioned to "never underestimate Jimmy and Rosalynn Carter."

   His latest resilience has allowed Carter a rare privilege even for 
presidents: He's been able to enjoy months of accolades typically reserved for 
when a former White House resident dies. The latest round includes a flood of 
messages from world leaders and pop culture figures donning "Jimmy Carter 99" 
hats, with many of them focusing on Carter's four decades of global 
humanitarian work after leaving the Oval Office.

   Katie Couric, the first woman to anchor a U.S. television network's evening 
news broadcast, praised Carter in a social media video for his "relentless 
effort every day to make the world a better place."

   She pointed to Carter's work to eradicate Guinea worm disease and river 
blindness, while advocating for peace and democracy in scores of countries. She 
noted he has written 32 books and worked for decades with Habitat for Humanity 
building houses for low-income people.

   "Oh, yeah, and you were governor of Georgia. And did I mention president of 
the United States?" she joked. "When are you going to stop slacking off?"

   Bill Clinton, the 42nd president and first Democratic president after 
Carter's landslide defeat, showed no signs of the chilly relationship the two 
fellow Southerners once had.

   "Jimmy! Happy birthday," Clinton said. "You only get to be 99 once. It's 
been a long, good ride, and we thank you for your service and your friendship 
and the enduring embodiment of the American dream."

   Musician Peter Gabriel led concertgoers at Madison Square Garden in a 
rendition of "Happy Birthday," as did the Indigo Girls at a recent concert.

   In Atlanta, the Carter Library & Museum and adjacent The Carter Center was 
holding a weekend of events, including a naturalization ceremony for 99 new 
citizens on Sunday. Festivities at the museum, which offered 99-cent admission 
Saturday, were slated to continue Sunday after Congress came to an agreement to 
avoid a partial government shutdown at the start of the federal fiscal year, 
which coincides with Carter's birthday.

   Jason Carter said his grandfather has found it "gratifying" to see 
reassessments of his presidency. Carter's term often has been broad-brushed as 
a failure because of inflation, global fuel shortages and the holding of 
American hostages in Iran, a confluence that led to Republican Ronald Reagan's 
1980 romp.

   Yet Carter's focus on diplomacy, his emphasis on the environment before the 
climate crisis was widely acknowledged and his focus on efficient government -- 
his presidency added a relative pittance to the national debt -- have garnered 
second looks from historians.

   Indeed, Carter's longevity offers a frame to illuminate both how much the 
world has changed over his lifetime while still recognizing that certain 
political and societal challenges endure.

   The Carter Center's disease-eradication work occurs mostly in developing 
countries. But Jimmy and Roslaynn Carter were first exposed to river blindness 
growing up surrounded by the crushing poverty of the rural Deep South during 
the Great Depression.

   The Center's global democracy advocacy has reached countries that were still 
part of various European empires when Carter was born in 1924 or were under 
heavy American influence in the decades after World War II. Yet in recent 
years, Carter has declared his own country to be more of an "oligarchy" than a 
well-functioning democracy. And the Center has since become involved in 
monitoring and tracking U.S. elections.

   Carter has lived long enough finally to have a genuine friend in the Oval 
Office again. President Joe Biden was a young Delaware politician in 1976 and 
became the first U.S. senator to endorse Carter's campaign against better-known 
Washington figures. Now, as Biden seeks reelection in 2024, he faces the 
headwinds of inflation that Republicans openly compare to Carter's economy. 
Biden had a wooden birthday cake display placed on the White House front law to 
honor Carter.

   The year Carter was born, Congress passed sweeping immigration restrictions, 
sharply curtailing Ellis Island as a portal to the nation. Now, the 
naturalization ceremony to mark Carter's 99th birthday comes as Washington 
continues a decades-long fight over immigration policy. Republicans, 
especially, have moved well to the right of Reagan, who in 1986 signed a 
sweeping amnesty policy for millions of immigrants who were in the country 
illegally or had no sure legal path to citizenship.

   Carter also was born into Jim Crow segregation, at a time when the Ku Klux 
Klan marched openly on state capitols and in Washington. As governor and 
president, Carter set new marks for appointing Black Americans to top 
government posts. At 99, Carter's Sunday online church circuit includes 
watching Georgia's first Black U.S. senator, the Rev. Raphael Warnock, preach 
at Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta. Yet, at the same time, some white state 
lawmakers in Carter's native region are defying the U.S. Supreme Court in an 
effort to curtail Black voters' strength at the ballot box.

   Jason Carter said understanding his grandfather's impact means resisting the 
urge to assess whether he solved every problem he confronted or won every 
election. Instead, he said, the takeaway is to recognize a sweeping impact 
rooted in respecting other people on an individual level and trying to help 

   "You don't get more out of a life than he got, right?" the younger Carter 
said. "It is a incredible, full rich life with a long marriage, a wonderful 
partnership with my grandmother, and the ability to see the world and interact 
with the world in ways that almost nobody else has ever been able to do."

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